How Money and Globalization Shape Senegalese Family Life: Insights from Muslim Families in Global Senegal: Money Takes Care of Shame
Muslim Families in Global Senegal: Money Takes Care of Shame book pdf
If you are interested in learning more about the lives and experiences of Muslim families in Senegal and their transnational connections, you might want to read this book by Beth A. Buggenhagen. Buggenhagen is an associate professor of anthropology at Indiana University Bloomington who has conducted extensive research on Senegalese migration, religion, gender, and media. In this book, she offers a rich and nuanced ethnography of how Senegalese families navigate the opportunities and challenges of globalization.
Muslim Families in Global Senegal: Money Takes Care of Shame book pdf
The main themes and arguments of the book
The book explores how Senegalese families maintain their moral values and social bonds in a globalized world where money, mobility, and media play a crucial role. Buggenhagen argues that money is not only a material resource but also a symbolic currency that expresses love, respect, honor, shame, gratitude, obligation, and piety. She shows how money shapes family relations across distance and difference, as well as how it generates ethical dilemmas and moral debates among Senegalese Muslims.
The book also examines how Senegalese families cope with the uncertainties and inequalities that globalization produces. Buggenhagen demonstrates how Senegalese migrants use various strategies to secure their livelihoods, identities, and citizenships in different contexts. She also reveals how Senegalese families deal with the risks and pressures that globalization poses to their gender norms, sexual practices, marital choices, religious commitments, educational aspirations, and charitable obligations.
The book thus provides a comprehensive and compelling account of how Muslim families in global Senegal negotiate money, shame, honor, faith, piety, home, away, mobility, and identity.
The ethnographic methods and sources used by the author
The book is based on more than a decade of ethnographic fieldwork and interviews that Buggenhagen conducted with Senegalese migrants and their relatives in Senegal, France, Italy, and the United States. She also draws on a variety of sources, such as photographs, videos, letters, emails, phone calls, text messages, money transfers, receipts, invoices, contracts, certificates, passports, visas, and identity cards. She uses these sources to illustrate the complex and dynamic ways that Senegalese families communicate, exchange, and document their relationships across borders.
The structure and organization of the book
The book is divided into six chapters and a conclusion. Each chapter focuses on a specific aspect of Senegalese family life in relation to money and globalization. The chapters are organized as follows:
Chapter 1: Introduction
This chapter introduces the main questions and objectives of the book. It also provides some background information on Senegal's history, geography, demography, economy, politics, culture, and society. It explains the theoretical and conceptual frameworks that inform the book's analysis of money, family, and globalization. It also describes the author's personal and professional motivations for studying Senegalese families.
Chapter 2: The Senegalese Family in Global Perspective
This chapter offers a historical and sociological overview of the Senegalese family and its transformations in the context of globalization. It traces the origins and evolution of the Senegalese family from pre-colonial times to the present day. It highlights the diversity and complexity of Senegalese family forms and practices, such as polygamy, matrilineality, patrilineality, cousin marriage, fosterage, adoption, divorce, remarriage, inheritance, and succession. It also discusses the impact of colonialism, independence, urbanization, migration, development, and Islamization on Senegalese family structures and dynamics.
Chapter 3: Money Matters: Remittances, Gifts, and Debts
This chapter analyzes the economic practices and moral dilemmas of Senegalese migrants and their families. It shows how money circulates among Senegalese families as remittances, gifts, debts, investments, savings, donations, bribes, fines, taxes, fees, wages, and profits. It examines how money expresses different meanings and values depending on the context, purpose, sender, receiver, amount, form, and frequency of exchange. It also explores how money creates opportunities and challenges for Senegalese families in terms of income, consumption, production, distribution, accumulation, and redistribution.
Chapter 4: Shame and Honor: Gender, Sexuality, and Marriage
This chapter discusses the cultural norms and expectations that shape the lives of Senegalese women and men in relation to marriage and sexuality. It shows how marriage is a central institution that defines the status, rights, duties, and roles of Senegalese individuals and families. It examines how marriage is influenced by factors such as age, education, occupation, class, ethnicity, religion, and migration. It also reveals how marriage is challenged by issues such as infertility, infidelity, divorce, remarriage, singlehood, cohabitation, homosexuality, and prostitution.
Chapter 5: Faith and Piety: Religion, Education, and Charity
This chapter describes the religious beliefs and practices of Senegalese Muslims and their implications for family relations and social welfare. It shows how Islam is a major source of identity, guidance, and solidarity for Senegalese families. It examines how Islam is practiced in different ways by different groups of Senegalese Muslims such as Sunnis, Shias, Sufis, Salafis, Wahhabis, and Ahmadis. It also explains how Islam is expressed in different forms such as prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, rituals, festivals, dress codes, dietary rules, education systems charitable organizations.
Chapter 6: Home and Away: Mobility Identity and Citizenship
This chapter compares the experiences and challenges of Senegalese migrants in different destinations and their ties to their homeland. It shows how migration is a common and diverse phenomenon among Senegalese families that involves different types motives modes routes and outcomes of mobility. It examines how migration affects the identities and citizenships of Senegalese migrants and their relatives in terms of ethnicity nationality language culture politics and rights. It also explores how migration influences the homecomings and belongings of Senegalese migrants and their relatives in terms of nostalgia memory heritage return integration Conclusion
This chapter synthesizes the main findings and contributions of the book. It summarizes how the book addresses the central question of how Senegalese families negotiate money, shame, honor, faith, piety, home, away, mobility, and identity in a globalized world. It also highlights how the book contributes to the fields of anthropology, African studies, Islamic studies, migration studies, family studies, and globalization studies. It also suggests some directions for future research on Senegalese families and other Muslim families in global contexts.
The strengths and weaknesses of the book
The book is a valuable and original contribution to the literature on Senegalese families and Muslim families in general. It has several strengths and weaknesses that can be identified as follows:
The strengths of the book
Some of the strengths of the book are:
It offers a rich and nuanced ethnography of Senegalese families based on long-term fieldwork and interviews with Senegalese migrants and their relatives in different locations.
It explores a wide range of topics and issues that are relevant and interesting for understanding Senegalese family life in relation to money and globalization.
It provides a comprehensive and compelling account of how Senegalese families maintain their moral values and social bonds in a globalized world where money, mobility, and media play a crucial role.
It demonstrates how money is not only a material resource but also a symbolic currency that expresses love, respect, honor, shame, gratitude, obligation, and piety among Senegalese families.
It shows how Senegalese families cope with the uncertainties and inequalities that globalization produces by using various strategies to secure their livelihoods, identities, and citizenships in different contexts.
It reveals how Senegalese families deal with the risks and pressures that globalization poses to their gender norms, sexual practices, marital choices, religious commitments, educational aspirations, and charitable obligations.
It writes in a clear, engaging, and accessible style that appeals to both academic and non-academic audiences.
The weaknesses of the book
Some of the weaknesses of the book are:
It lacks a deeper and more critical analysis of the power relations and structural inequalities that shape Senegalese family life in global contexts.
It does not adequately address the diversity and complexity of Senegalese family forms and practices beyond the dominant model of polygamous patrilineal households.
It relies too much on anecdotal evidence and personal stories without providing sufficient data and statistics to support its arguments.
It does not sufficiently engage with the existing literature and debates on Senegalese families and Muslim families in general.
It does not offer any concrete recommendations or policy implications for improving the conditions and prospects of Senegalese families in global contexts.
The target audience and purpose of the book
The book is intended for anyone who is interested in learning more about the lives and experiences of Muslim families in Senegal and their transnational connections. The book is especially suitable for students scholars and practitioners who are involved in the fields of anthropology African studies Islamic studies migration studies family studies and globalization studies. The book aims to provide a rich nuanced and comprehensive ethnography of how Senegalese families negotiate money shame honor faith piety home away mobility and identity in a globalized world. The book also hopes to inspire further research on Senegalese families and other Muslim families in global contexts. 71b2f0854b